Aluminium solutions for automotive and building sectors

Sapa President & CEO Egil Hogna recently witnessed new developments related to both sectors at company sites in Gloucester and Tewkesbury, both in the UK.

The visits were part of Hogna’s 100-day programme, in which he is travelling to company locations and meeting employees around the world. He joined Sapa as its chief executive on September 1.

First at the Gloucester plant, which employs 140 people, one of the first stops made by Hogna (pictured in orange helmet) and local management was to examine the facility’s fabrication processes and quality tracking system. The majority of the work done at the site is for the automotive market, and includes extruded aluminium roof rails, trim pieces and tread plates. Product and process innovation are priorities at the plant.

In the quality lab, he was shown the various coating assessments done to roof rails and trim accessories. “This should be the ‘temple’ of the plant,” said Hogna.

Customer service
Sapa’s facility in Tewkesbury is about 30 minutes from the Gloucester plant – and it is vastly different.
The site is part of Sapa’s aluminium building systems business area, providing customers with branded solutions that add value. These include doors, windows and curtain walling products.

Together with managing director Nigel Sissons and operations director Nigel Eley, Hogna walked through the facility starting from kit assembly. He also spent time listening to the company’s comprehensive customer service strategy.

2016 Nickel price forecast

Nickel Alloy Price

Nickel Drivers

1 China GDP & PMI Data

2 Dollar to Euro exchange rate

3 Philippine exports

4 Indonesia export ban

5 Nickel inventory

As we discussed in one of our monthly reports, many nickel producers thought that prices would climb on the back of the Indonesian export ban. However, what they did not anticipate involved the alternative supply from Philippine suppliers who have taken up the shortfall. This caused nickel prices to fall more sharply than other metals this year. After exports from Indonesia had fallen, the country had considered the option of relaxing its ban on mineral exports to allow for nickel shipments.

However, Indonesia recently decided to retain its export ban. We doubt this will cause prices to rally. Thanks to the Philippines’ higher production, supply remains ample and the real issue involves weak demand. Like with most base metals, China is responsible for over 40% of global nickel demand. Although US data might look encouraging, China consumes 5 times more nickel than the US so growth here can’t make up for the drop in Chinese demand. The slump in prices now has nickel miners rethinking output. Australian miner Mincor Resources said this year it will reduce production by 56% during the second half, as it can’t sustain operations at current price levels.

Poseidon Nickel, another Australian miner also shuttered production by placing its Lake Johnson mine into care and maintenance. While some of the smaller mines have struggled, the bigger producers remain in a stronger position as they have maintained production because of scale and lower costs. With a large inventory of nickel ore, refined metal on exchanges and adequate supply of ferro-nickel, the fundamentals don’t suggest a strong argument for nickel prices to rise unless China demand picks up or production is taken offline.

The Outlook

Nickel prices have fallen sharply over the past year. The lows of 2009 ($8,700/mt) might provide support over the coming months but this support level could easily be broken over the course of 2016 if conditions remain bearish. Buyers should consider fluctuations below $13,310/mt as normal within this falling market, and reassess their strategy if prices break the $13,310/mt level. Based on current market conditions we could see 3M LME nickel averaging $9,500/mt next year.

Detect-Metals provide kinds of nickel alloy with best price 2016.

2016 Aluminium price forecast

Aluminium price 2016


As the world’s majority producer and consumer of aluminum, China will always have an impact on the metal’s prices, but given the economic distress experienced by China in recent months, all eyes are on aluminum and the Far East in 2016.

We’ve identified the main price drivers for aluminum next year as:

1 China GDP & PMI Data

2 China export volumes

3 Dollar to Euro exchange rate

4 Oil prices

5 Primary aluminum production

6 MW Premiums

7 Capacity utilization

8 European & Japanese premiums

China accounts for more than half of the world’s aluminum output and consumption. The aluminum surplus in China has widened over the last few quarters, which caused a surge in aluminum exports, distorting the global supply-demand balance. Current prices however have already made Chinese aluminum exports unprofitable. Although exports have fallen in recent months, they are still up 22% compared to last year.

A falling Yuan could make Chinese exports more competitive but sinking aluminum prices could eventually cause a sustained drop in exports, reducing the glut in supplies. Many aluminum producers including Century, Alcoa and Rio Tinto have already cut production and moved to more efficient smelting production. On top of that, aluminum premiums have dropped more than 67% this year, placing even more pressure on the profitability of domestic producers. Over the last three months, premiums appear to have stabilized at lower levels.

Despite the fact that low prices have already caused producers to cut production, we believe that it will still be a while until aluminum prices make a substantial upward price move. Weak demand puts pressure on prices as China’s manufacturing, automobile and real estate activity (though some portions of the Chinese construction market appear healthier) continue to sag. Moreover, while we continue to see a strong dollar and fears about China, investors appear to have little incentive to buy aluminum.

The Outlook

At some point, prices will make a comeback but until we see signs of a bottom, we continue to expect lower prices as we enter 2016. Based on current market conditions, we could see 3M aluminum prices averaging $1,550/mt in 2016. The lows seen during 2009 ($1,350/mt) could act as a support through the year. Buyers should consider fluctuations below $1,840/mt as normal within the falling market, and reconsider their strategy if prices break above this resistance level.

We look forward to the development of the aluminum industry getting better in 2016.


Aerosols and aluminium foil “widely” collected for recycling

According to new figures released by the Aluminium Packaging Recycling Organisation, Alupro, 96% of UK councils are collecting aerosols, and 86% are collecting aluminium foil, for recycling.

Over the past three years, the number of councils collecting aerosols has increased from 87% to 96%, providing almost complete coverage throughout the UK. Meanwhile, foil recycling has also seen a dramatic increase in collection, from just 35% of councils in 2007 to 86% today.

“Alupro provides local authorities with free materials to explain how to recycle empty aerosols, household foil and foil containers. We have also worked with councils and their service providers to dispel some of the myths about these materials being ‘difficult’ to recycle,” says Rick Hindley, Executive Director of Alupro. “We’re delighted to see how well councils have responded to this clear messaging, which has enabled more aluminium packaging to be recycled than ever before.”

“The latest Alupro statistics on kerbside collections indicate foil is now also eligible for Widely Recycled status,” said Jane Bevis, Chair of the On-Pack Recycling Label, OPRL. “We look forward to WRAP confirmation of this in our 2016 guidelines update, since we know 7 in 10 consumers act on this clear recyclability advice when they see it. 500 brands use our labels across hundreds of thousands of products, so that can make a real difference.”

Foil currently has ‘Widely Recycled at Recycling Points: Check Locally for Kerbside’ status under the On-Pack Recycling Label scheme. Once 75% of local authorities collect a material at the kerbside, this message changes to the simpler ‘Widely Recycled’ that consumers find so much easier to act on.

China export aluminum pipe to Korea keep it steady

Aluminum Alloy

According to South Korean trader said China aluminum pipe exports to South Korea remained stable, because the Chinese aluminum export aluminum forced the quantity is reduce , so many korea customer must be export to use aluminum pipe instead of exhausted, before January the Chinese government may adjustment is aluminum export duties.

The Chinese government imposed a 15 percent export of aluminum ingots export tariff has significantly reduced export volume, forcing korea buyers can only purchase Western brands ,for example Russia and China aluminum tubes.

Russia Trader says: “In the absence of imports of Chinese aluminum, aluminum tube market a little panic.”

One Korae traders said the South Korean imports of less than 10,000 tons aluminum tubes, feed imports in January before the Chinese government to take more measuresthe West and Russia ingots brand backwardation since December have risen $ 5, respectively, $ 70 and US $ 60-65.

Aluminum prices are more likely to usher in a rebound stage

Aluminum prices

China and the US weak economic data renewed investors’ concerns about the global economy. Chinese aluminum and Russia reached an agreement to reduce aluminum production, but if the league had no industry collective prop up the market, aluminum prices  will not be stable easily.

1, the global economic growth and deflation deep mud among US economic growth momentum weakened, interest rates during the year hopeless, recovery of the European economy hovering on the edge of struggle, ready to expand QE, Japan once again into recession channel, the Chinese economy downward pressure yet effective relief, the government will continue to implement a more accommodative monetary policy, a more active fiscal policy.

2, since the fourth quarter of 2014, the Chinese government’s policy tone has not changed, but the intensity of policy easing significantly strengthened, November 21 rate cut, February 4, 2015 a comprehensive RRR, Feb. 28 to cut interest rates again, April 19 day drop quasi one percentage point. April 30 Politburo meeting set the tone for steady growth. From August 26, 2015, lowered the benchmark lending rates and lower deposit reserve ratio by 0.25 percentage points; since September 6, down financial institutions RMB deposit reserve ratio by 0.5 percentage points. From October 1, the abolition of the proportion of loans and deposits of commercial banks do not exceed 75% of the regulatory “red line.” From October 10 (city) promotion of credit assets pledged in Shanghai, Tianjin, Liaoning, Jiangsu, Hubei, Sichuan, Shaanxi, Beijing, Chongqing and other nine provinces refinancing pilot.

3, Alcoa announced that it will in the fourth quarter to the first quarter of next year and cut production capacity 503,000 tons of primary aluminum smelting and alumina refining capacity of 1.2 million tons l US October ISM non-manufacturing PMI significantly better than expected ADP employment l October than-expected non-farm payrolls increased 182,000, or to the good l hint Eurozone composite PMI-than-expected October business expansion rate is still moderate l United States in October manufacturing index from 50.2% in September fell slightly to 50.1 percent, a record low of 2 years l Eurozone October manufacturing PMI final value of 52.3, higher than the previous value and the expected 52l US October University of Michigan consumer confidence index is less than expected l GDP growth slowed to 1.5 percent in the third quarter than-expected US October l eurozone economy climate index rose to 105.9 hit the highest level in more than four years

4, pre-aluminum (9685, -140.00, -1.42%) price rebound is mainly limited by the supply, causing China policy and post steady growth policy efforts may raise the expectations. Recently finished lower aluminum prices largely steady growth and changes in the expected Fed rate hike is expected to lead to changes in common. Policies delay in landing, has failed to effectively alleviate overcapacity, weak aluminum downstream demand.

5, November 23 News: Shanghai aluminum futures traded month around 9900 yuan / ton mark integer to start before noon-day moving average price is running under. Today, Shanghai spot transactions prices concentrated in 9770-9780 yuan / ton, premium 120-100 yuan / ton, Wuxi transaction prices concentrated in 9760-9780 yuan / ton, Hangzhou turnover 9770-9790 yuan / ton. Morning disk turnover continued down the center of gravity, East offer relatively low, then the disk rose slightly, holding cargo ship to raise prices, the market focused on a large number of quotations in 9780 yuan / ton, but volume was light, the lower the market will accept the goods, did not appear very price will, weekly downstream to maintain demand procurement, today East overall turnover in general, probably will expand cash discount.

Futures: Shanghai aluminum 1601 contract opened at 9830 yuan  / ton, after hitting an intraday dropping opening brief lowest point 9750 yuan / ton, turnover rebounded center of gravity, the price of around 9,830 yuan / ton in the vicinity within a narrow range, then suffered a few short throw pressure, the price fell slightly, but then a lot of short positions which were re-pushed to 9830 yuan / ton in the vicinity finishing, printing afternoon came news cut aluminum prices, continued strong risk aversion short departure promote aluminum prices hit an intraday high 9910 yuan / ton, the end plate to close at 9870 yuan / ton, the Shanghai aluminum 1601 contract volume decreased 88,228 lots to 988,088 hand positions to reduce the 13,498 lots to 208,330 hand, continued pressure 5 day moving average, Shanghai aluminum index positions to reduce 10458 lots to 745,270 hand, focus on continuous outflow of speculative funds and the market short cuts continue to release news of impetus for aluminum.

Medium and long term, China has promulgated more aggressive policy of steady growth, lower demand for aluminum is expected to slowly improve, aluminum prices are more likely to usher in a rebound stage.

Development of aluminum alloys :6061, 5052, 3003, 2024

Aluminum Alloy

An alloy is a mixture of at least two or more metallic elements, usually made for the purpose of creating a new product which has greater strength and/or corrosion resistance. In this post, we’ll share development of aluminum alloys :6061, 5052, 3003, 2024 .


6061 aluminum was first introduced in 1935 and has gone on to become one of the most commonly used aluminum alloys. 6061 uses magnesium and silicon as its two most important trace elements. The addition of magnesium to aluminum improves its strength. Silicon reduces the melting temperature of aluminum. Both magnesium and silicon by themselves create aluminum alloys that cannot be effectively heat-treated. However, the combination of the two produces magnesium-silicide which responds well to heat treatments.

Other trace elements commonly include chromium, iron, and copper. Iron gives aluminum additional durability and strength. Chromium prevents grain growth in aluminum alloys that contain magnesium, prevents recrystallization in aluminum mixed with magnesium and silicon, and reduces any susceptibility to corrosion. Copper increases the strength of an aluminum alloy as well as improving precipitation hardening. All of these elements combine to produce an alloy with good strength and durability, corrosion resistance, and heat-treatability.


5052 aluminum’s most important secondary elements include magnesium and chromium. Magnesium increases the strength of aluminum through solid solution strengthening, which makes the 5XXX series of aluminum extremely durable. However, aluminum treated with magnesium cannot be heat-treated, which is why 5052 is primarily produced in sheet and plate forms. Chromium prevents grain growth in aluminum alloys that contain magnesium, and reduces any susceptibility to corrosion. The latter trait is important because magnesium has a tendency to corrode in the presence of iron, which is mitigated by the presence of the chromium.

Other trace elements include iron and copper. Iron gives aluminum additional durability and strength. Copper increases the strength of an aluminum alloy as well as improving precipitation hardening.


3003 is an aluminum alloy whose most important secondary element is manganese. Between 96.8% and 99% of the alloy comes from aluminum. The presence of manganese, between 1% and 1.5%, marginally increases the strength of aluminum when they are combined but does not affect the corrosion resistance and ductility of the material. The manganese helps create grains in the material which nullify impurities that could lead to galvanic corrosion. This is why 3003 is one of the most commonly used alloys for the creation of soda cans. The alloy is not heat-treatable.

Other trace elements include copper, iron, and silicon. Silicon reduces the melting temperature of aluminum. Copper increases the strength of an aluminum alloy as well as improving precipitation hardening. Iron gives aluminum additional durability and strength.


Introduced in 1931, 2024 is an alloy that uses copper as the largest secondary element. Copper, which makes up between 3.8% and 4.9% of the material increases the strength of an aluminum alloy as well as improving precipitation hardening. 2024 has a yield strength close to 50,000 psi, making it one of the most durable aluminum alloys available.  However, the presence of copper makes the material more susceptible to corrosion and worsens ductility. This means that 2024 is generally not suitable for welding.

Other trace elements include magnesium and manganese. The addition of magnesium to aluminum improves its strength, though combined with copper it can facilitate corrosion. When manganese is added to aluminum, it improves the strength of the material while maintaining corrosion resistance, though 2024 does not have good corrosion resistance.

Further questions can find:

Electricity market reform: A chance to unlock investment in European aluminium production

Brussels, 19 October 2015: Electricity is the lifeblood of aluminium production. Long-term certainty of supply and a competitive electricity price are crucial to unleash the growth potential of the industry in Europe.

European Aluminium welcomesthe planned reform of the EU Electricity Market Design as an opportunity to accelerate the transition towards a more decentralised, low-carbon and competitive electricity market in Europe. This should go hand in hand with the creation of a compensation scheme that lifts the burden of indirect carbon costs passed on to Europe’s aluminium producers.

Aluminium smelters offer great benefits to the power system, such as the ability to balance supply and demand. Their flexibility to reduce electricity consumption as needed contributes to grid stability and helps tackle intermittency problems that result from the integration ofrenewables.

Driven by the automotive, building and aerospace sectors, demand for aluminium enjoys solid growth worldwide and in Europe alike. Nevertheless, primary aluminium production in Europe (EU +EFTA) has declined significantly over the last decade and is now limited to 26 sites, supplying just 31% of European consumption for this unique metal.

To unlock the growth potential of European producers, significant and strategic investments are required. Yet with amortisation periods of 15 to 25 years for large scale investments, investors require long-term certainty of supply and competitive price of electricity. It is vital that the newly designed electricity market provides thissecurity.

We have a deep understanding of the functioning of electricity markets and our industry stands ready to engage in the debate about a new electricity market design.

We propose:

1. The energy market design reform should support the possibility of voluntary long-term electricity contracts in any EU wholesale market at a competitive price and alternative pricing based formulas should be encouraged at EU level. This would represent a win-win situation for power generators and large scale electricity consumers.

2. For our market segment, national governments should encourage predictability beyond 15 to 20 years by supporting mechanismsthat shield electro-intensive industries from undue costsfor CO2 and renewables. The rule of a minimum participation for these industries (usually in the area of 20%), leaving significant exposure to external risks, should be eliminated.

3. The reform should take into account that liquid financial forward markets will improve confidence among market participants, and support mid-term contract negotiations (5 to 10 years.)

Realising the potential of Europe’s primary aluminium production is critical to make ambitious EU 2050 greenhouse gastargets a reality.


Alcoa to curtail smelting and refining capacity

Alcoa is taking decisive action to curtail uncompetitive smelting and refining capacity to ensure continued competitiveness amid prevailing market conditions.

The company will reduce aluminium smelting capacity by 503,000 metric tons and alumina refining capacity by 1.2 million metric tons. Alcoa will begin the curtailments in the fourth quarter of 2015 and will complete them by the end of the first quarter of 2016.

The reductions will further improve the cost position of the Upstream business and ensure competitiveness in a lower pricing environment, including a 30 percent drop in the Midwest transaction aluminium price year-to-date.

Alcoa has been aggressively reshaping its Upstream portfolio as part of a successful multi-year strategy to position itself as a low-cost global leader in alumina and aluminium production. Once these actions are complete, Alcoa will have closed, divested or curtailed 45% of total smelting operating capacity since 2007.

More information can be viewed:

Awareness takes alufoil container recycling to new high

New data released by the European Aluminium Foil Association (EAFA) confirms that recycling rates in Europe for alufoil trays and semi-rigid containers in 2013 reached about 55%.

The previous reporting period (2010) saw that figure rise above 50% following concerted efforts by the industry to promote the benefits of resource efficient and sustainable packaging options.

The Association says continued work by the industry to promote the value of collection and recycling; along with national campaigns are having significant effects. Increased awareness has seen consumers recognise all aluminium foil trays and containers, not only those used as primary packaging, can be recycled, as well as other kitchen products, such as disposable alufoil BBQ and oven trays.

EAFA’s Container Group Chairman Peter Wallach commented, “We appreciate these positive developments, accentuating the environmental credentials of alufoil containers, in addition to their advantages for fillers and consumers.”

“The diversity of alufoil containers means it is hard sometimes to target individual product areas. But, thanks to greater consumer awareness and highly innovative national and local campaigns, the message that alufoil is perfectly recyclable, from whatever source, is having positive results across Europe,” he added.

The recycling rates are calculated on the basis of publicly available national aluminium recycling rates and consumption data. This data also shows the considerable extent to which consumption volumes and recycling rates vary from one country to another. Depending on the instructions to the consumers and the collection and sorting infrastructure in place, estimated recycling rates for alufoil container vary significantly and range from over 85% in Germany to exceeding 65% in Italy, above 40% in the UK and 35% in France and Spain. Aluminium recycling saves up to 95% energy use compared to its primary production, with the corresponding savings in greenhouse gas emissions. It can be recycled over and over without any loss of quality.

Alufoil trays and semi-rigid containers are used in markets such as ready meals; ready-to-cook meat, poultry and fish; bakery products; pet foods; and takeaway foods. But they are increasingly used in foodservice and event catering where their qualities of hygiene, convenience and disposability are widely recognised.

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International aluminum prices fell to a low in the past six years

aluminum prices

October 28 international aluminum prices fell to six-year low, as traders on the aluminum market this year and next year may be serious excess supply and a sharp cut is unlikely to feel nervous.

Index on the London Metal Exchange (LME) three-month aluminum (10315, -115.00, -1.10%) in early trading fell to its lowest level in June 2009 of US $ 1,460 per ton, later rebounded to $ 1,484, closed up 0.5 percent.

Macquarie analyst Vivienne Lloyd said, “The fundamentals of aluminum is very challenging, we have not seen any real large-scale production, the problem is that we are waiting for others to act first.”

A survey conducted by Reuters this month, analysts on average expect the aluminum market, excess supply 815,000 tons this year, the estimated range of 44-161.7 million tons. Global aluminum consumption this year is forecast at about 54 million tons.

Root of the problem of excess supply is China, China has the world’s most modern, but also the lowest-cost smelters. China has many high-cost plants, though at a loss, but continued to produce large amounts of aluminum.

The world’s largest aluminum producer, United Company Rusal confirmed that the company is evaluating a number of the aluminum business. The company produced 91.6 million tonnes of aluminum in the third quarter, an increase of 1% in the first three quarters of production increased by 1.4% to 2.7 million tons of aluminum.

A trader said, “UC RUSAL said previously cut, but so weak ruble, why cut it? Aluminum prices, but they are more dollar-convertible ruble, their cost is calculated in rubles . ”

Marex Spectron data also point to the aluminum market bearish sentiment, more speculators in October 22 Short aluminum. Marex said the latest estimates show that aluminum speculative short interest increased 45,000, to 158,000.

After the market close, the Fed announced to keep interest rates unchanged, but played down the negative impact of the global economic factors, in December to retain the possibility of tightening monetary policy at a meeting.

Aluminium packaging recycling improves

Aluminium packaging recycling

Packaging waste recovery data for the third quarter of 2015 shows that reported aluminium packaging recycling has recorded its highest ever quarterly performance at 23,330 tonnes*.

The Q3 results are the direct result of adjustments made to the accreditation process, following lower than expected tonnages in Q1 and Q2, and increasing volumes of aluminium packaging recovered from incinerator bottom ash (IBA) being reported through the system. An estimated 18,800 tonnes is required in the final quarter to achieve the 2015 recycling target.

Rick Hindley, Executive Director of the Aluminium Packaging Recycling Organisation (Alupro) said: “Alupro has consistently advocated streamlining the reprocessor/exporter accreditation process and these changes have had an immediate effect. With more reprocessors coming on stream we are increasingly confident that aluminium will not only achieve the 2015 recycling target, but also that in future the figures will be a more accurate picture of the amount of aluminium packaging recycled in the UK or exported for recycling. We are very pleased to see that new reprocessors are becoming accredited to the system and are grateful to Defra and the national environment agencies for working to bring about these changes.

“We knew that 2015 would be a period of adjustment following changes to the aluminium protocols which came into effect in January. This is the first set of data since further revisions were introduced to the protocol which allows PRNs to be issued on 70% of the non-ferrous material recovered from incinerator bottom ash. We are increasingly confident that the 2015 recycling target will now be met.”

via aluminiumtoday

Hydro agrees to sell aluminium rolling mill in Italy

Hydro has entered into a binding agreement to sell its aluminium rolling mill in Cisterna di Latina, Italy, to Rolling Mills International GmbH.

Hydro’s rolling mill in Cisterna di Latina produces aluminium rolled products, mainly standard strip and sheet, as well as plain foil.

Through the agreement, Rolling Mills International GmbH will acquire 100% of the shares in Hydro Aluminium Slim S.p.A. Rolling Mills International GmbH is controlled by Quantum Capital Partners AG, a Munich-based investment company.

The transaction is expected to close by end 2015.

Aluminum Association Response to U.S-China Joint Presidential Statement

aluminum sheet metal

The U.S. aluminium industry has long been part of the solution to address climate change in many respects.

Automakers are using lightweight, military-grade aluminium to help achieve far greater fuel economy for their fleets. The construction market relies on aluminium for increasing the energy efficiencies of new buildings. And the increasing rate of recycling is saving energy consumption in the packaging market.

The U.S.-China Joint Presidential Statement promises to make these kinds of gains enjoyed in the United States commonplace in China within a short period of time. If implemented well, China’s new cap and trade system should provide ample incentives for carbon-intensive aluminium smelters in China to be phased out.

“We welcome China’s commitments to a cleaner manufacturing future, and the use of aluminium sheet metal will be a meaningful solution to the challenges of global climate change,” said Heidi Brock, president and CEO of the Aluminum Association.

“As they work to address climate change, we believe China should commit to setting appropriate standards for aluminium production emissions and coal usage, taking offline production assets that do not meet those standards.”

Global aluminium foil demand to add 1 million tons over next 5 years

The global demand for aluminium foil will continue increasing by more than 4% CAGR until 2019, according to data released recently by CRU International. The additional global demand will add up to one million tons by the end of that period. One key trend being witnessed in this market is the economic growth in China, which is becoming the leading market for production and demand.

Reflecting the healthy outlook for the industry, the Global Aluminium Foil Roller Initiative (GLAFRI) has recently welcomed new foil roller members: Gujarat Foils and Raviraj Foils with operations in India and UACJ Foil based in Japan and Malaysia. Furnace manufacturer Otto Junker also joined as a supplier member.

Commenting on the market and membership growth GLAFRI’s President Manfred Mertens said, “We are excited by this forecast of potential growth in the global market. GLAFRI was established to support this expansion and particularly to enhance and develop consumption of foil in the various regions”.

“Helping to achieve these aims, GLAFRI, represented by Vice President Simon Chan and Executive Director Stefan Glimm, recently launched a social media campaign in China to enhance home consumption of semi-rigid foil containers,” he added. “We were glad to welcome twenty multipliers from media and trade associations, such as the restaurant and catering organisation for the Shanghai region.”

“In India GLAFRI organised the first Indian foil roller workshop, to share expertise in promoting foil. The example of the Alufoil Trophy – which has been successful in Europe for many years making innovation in foil applications highly visible – was of particular interest to the Indian members. They saw it as an opportunity to drive foil consumption by considering a similar competition in India. This is exactly what we want to achieve with GLAFRI,” concluded Mr Mertens.

via aluminiumtoday

Aluminum plate is one of the important areas of aluminum product


Aluminum plate is one of the important areas of aluminum products. Alloy can be divided according to 8 alloy wash, them. 7 alloy is Al-Zn-Mg alloys are heat treatable alloys, belong to the aviation series, is the more high-end aluminum field. In 7XXX Department representative products for 7075, mainly containing zinc. Also belong to the aviation series, aluminum-magnesium zinc copper alloy, heat treatable, are super-hard alloy, good wear resistance.

7 alloys generally used as a welding member material or used aircraft materials to super-hard aluminum 7075 alloy represented. 7075 aluminum plate used for the manufacture of high strength aircraft structures and other requirements, corrosion resistance and strong high-stress structural parts, such as aircraft, under the wing facing the wall panels, bulkheads, etc.. Good plasticity after solution treatment, heat strengthened particularly effective at 150 degrees below have high strength, and there is poor particularly good low temperature strength, weldability, stress corrosion cracking tendency.

In recent years, ski poles, golf club and other sporting goods, also used to produce this alloy. 7075 aluminum sheet metal alloy heat treatment, the use of T651, this treatment allows the residual stress after T6 treatment, the correct and uniform stretching to prevent deformation of the workpiece during machining distortion occurs. T73 treatment, mechanical properties will be reduced, but there is a tendency to reduce the effects of stress corrosion.

The big change of China titanium industry technology development

Titanium Industry Technology face a major development: Cooling bed furnace melting technology

Titanium Industry Technology

It is divided into an electron beam cold hearth melting and plasma beam cold hearth melting, the former applies to the typical titanium ingots and titanium ingot, such as Ti6Al4V smelting. The latter is suitable for smelting complex titanium alloy components.


1. raw materials can take many forms, without preparing the electrode, reducing the process. can use a lot of raw material economy, the proportion of the residual material add up to 100% recycling of resources;

3.can effectively remove volatile impurities and high-density and low-density inclusions inclusions, improve the fatigue performance of titanium alloy;

4.we can produce ingots, flat ingots and hollow spindle.

Compared with the international advanced level, the cooling bed furnace smelting of titanium and titanium alloy has just started. Therefore, for our country, in the introduction of foreign advanced smelting equipment, response equipment cooling bed furnace to be more concern and attention. At the same time, actively carry out research of titanium and titanium alloy cooling bed furnace smelting technology.

1, to carry out basic research cold hearth melting technology.

2, to carry out a cold hearth melting titanium alloy research and technology, to find out the raw material – process parameters – the relationship between the quality of titanium ingots, and gradually form a relational database, establish and improve the technology file.

3, cold hearth melting of titanium and titanium alloy ingot production, to carry out the organization and performance of research intensive and conventional vacuum consumable melting titanium, comparative analysis of the cold hearth melting titanium applicability to engineering assessment.

4, the direct use of cold hearth melting of titanium ingots flat, trial and applied research carried out with the titanium sheet industry.


The United States and Canada in July aluminum shipments up by 2.4%

Washington, Sept. 24 news, the US Aluminum Association (Aluminum Association) showed the United States and Canada in July this year, shipments of aluminum and imports increased 2.4 percent from a year earlier to 15.158 billion pounds plus.

The data also show that in July, the apparent consumption of aluminum for the United States and Canada, 13.487 billion pounds, an increase of 6.9%.

July North American semi-processed aluminum demand of 10.927 billion pounds, an increase of 7.2%.

The United States and Canada from January to July in addition to cross-border trade of aluminum exports fell 23.5 percent from a year earlier to 1.671 billion pounds. The total amount of aluminum imports over the same period in North America for 3.563 million pounds, an increase of 19.3%.

The report also shows that the United States and Canada of semi-finished aluminum demand in July was 1.578 billion pounds, an increase of 3.5% compared with the same period last year.

July North American aluminum sheet demand of 861 million pounds, an increase of 2.9%.

The United States and Canada in July shipments of aluminum ingot casting decrease of 10.5% from a year earlier to 518 million pounds.

January to July, the United States and Canada in July apparent consumption of aluminum ingot casting 13.487 billion pounds, an increase of 6.9%.

July aluminum supplier inventory United States and Canada MoM YoY 2.5% to 3.052 billion pounds, an increase of 7.9%.

Why titanium sheet may cause a defect in the rolling process?

Titanium sheet

Titanium sheet is extremely important lightweight construction material, with the development of economy and technology, there has been more and more applications of titanium sheet, but the corresponding quality problems from its surface becomes more prominent, titanium and surface reaction layer The main factors affecting the physical and chemical properties of titanium workpieces, before processing, must achieve complete removal of surface contamination layer and the defect layer.Why titanium sheet may cause a defect in the rolling process?

Titanium sheet surface defects are defects of conventional and unconventional defect two categories.

Unconventional defects:
1, Table split
Reason: incoming unqualified, surface crack is not cleaned or incoming suction surface of the brittle layer is not clear, additional draft schedule unreasonable, small pass processing rate, passes too much, or pass processing rate distribution inequality.
Measures: strict control of incoming surface quality, a reasonable allocation of pass processing rate, to ensure that the slab annealing temperature uniformity, enhanced rolling lubrication.
2, acid spot
The reason: one is pickling, the residual acid is not clean, dry sheet form. One is when a stack of sheet annealing, surface oxidation uneven surface extent of corrosion caused by inconsistent after pickling.
Action: pickling must clean sheet surface to ensure no residual acid and then drying; reduce stacking thickness to ensure uniform sheet annealing; sanding process can also be used to save the post-processing.
Conventional defects:
1, scratched
Cause: The guides, roller, tools, and roll is not smooth, have adhered or angular burr, rolling scratch the surface; not careful when operating, so that the collision scratch the surface is formed.
Measures: Before rolling a good tool to check the guides, roller and roll, etc., identify problems and timely removal; careful operation, do not Luanla rattling.
2, the metal is pressed into matter
Reason: rolled edge burrs and tail dregs are pressed into the product surface.
Action: timely elimination of the slab edge burrs and surface foreign matter. Lobed rim, crack head promptly cut off.
3, non-metallic material is pressed into
The reason: poor sanitation, dust falls on the rolling surface foreign matter; after pickling, cleaning is not clean.
Measures to: improve health, timely removal of the rolling surface adhesion properties.
4, roller marks
Reason: the roll surface wear serious, pits, pitted, scratched and so on; the roll surface is pushed out pit board angle.
Measures: Discovery roller marks, to repair or replace the grinding rolls.
5, pits pock
Reason: Pressure orthopedic annealing, plate or pad surface dust foreign objects.
Action: into the blast furnace and the timely removal of the platen surface of the pad.

The future growth of titanium is hopeful to International Titanium Association

International Titanium Association

According to the  website information, the 31st session of the US International Titanium exhibition will be held in Orlando, Florida, October 4th, 2015.

The conference was organized by the United States International Titanium Association. American International Titanium Association was founded in 1984, a non-profit organization comprised of more than 200 organizations and 1500 individuals from around the world together to form, aimed at the public and provide technical and marketing assistance to member organizations linked.

It is reported that nearly 10 years, with the growth of international supply chains in the range of titanium and complexity, the number of meetings attended by Titanium series also will be doubled.

International Titanium Association introduced to the 2015 American International Titanium exhibition will have nearly 1,000 delegates from over 30 countries attended. The meeting will enable the titanium manufacturer, original equipment manufacturers, distributors, manufacturers and provides products and services for the titanium stakeholders suppliers a better understanding of the industry status quo and offer unique efficient and high-value interpersonal networking opportunities.

International Titanium Association analyzed, the global titanium industry is expected to be in 2015 – a 3% compound annual growth rate in 2020. With the needs of different industries for high strength and lightweight materials is growing, demand for titanium products also increased. Opportunity to electricity, health care, chemical and aerospace growth may create demand for the titanium industry in the global range. The aerospace industry is expected to become the largest market of titanium industry. International Titanium Association optimistic that, with the use of carbon fiber composite materials compatible with titanium continue the rapid growth of the aerospace industry will increase demand for titanium.